Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)

Critique of Practical Reason Texts in the History of Philosophy This seminal text in the history of moral philosophy elaborates the basic themes of Kant s moral theory gives the most complete statement of his highly original theory of freedom of the will and dev

This seminal text in the history of moral philosophy elaborates the basic themes of Kant s moral theory, gives the most complete statement of his highly original theory of freedom of the will, and develops his practical metaphysics This new edition, prepared by an acclaimed translator and scholar of Kant s practical philosophy, presents the first new translation of the woThis seminal text in the history of moral philosophy elaborates the basic themes of Kant s moral theory, gives the most complete statement of his highly original theory of freedom of the will, and develops his practical metaphysics This new edition, prepared by an acclaimed translator and scholar of Kant s practical philosophy, presents the first new translation of the work to appear for some years, together with a substantial and lucid introduction.

  • Unlimited Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy) - by Immanuel Kant Mary J. Gregor
    325 Immanuel Kant Mary J. Gregor
Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)

  1. Immanuel Kant was an 18th century philosopher from K nigsberg, Prussia now Kaliningrad, Russia He s regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of modern Europe of the late Enlightenment His most important work is The Critique of Pure Reason, an investigation of reason itself It encompasses an attack on traditional metaphysics epistemology, highlights his own contribution to these areas Other main works of his maturity are The Critique of Practical Reason, which is about ethics, The Critique of Judgment, about esthetics teleology.Pursuing metaphysics involves asking questions about the ultimate nature of reality Kant suggested that metaphysics can be reformed thru epistemology He suggested that by understanding the sources limits of human knowledge we can ask fruitful metaphysical questions He asked if an object can be known to have certain properties prior to the experience of that object He concluded that all objects that the mind can think about must conform to its manner of thought Therefore if the mind can think only in terms of causality which he concluded that it does then we can know prior to experiencing them that all objects we experience must either be a cause or an effect However, it follows from this that it s possible that there are objects of such a nature that the mind cannot think of them, so the principle of causality, for instance, cannot be applied outside experience hence we cannot know, for example, whether the world always existed or if it had a cause So the grand questions of speculative metaphysics are off limits, but the sciences are firmly grounded in laws of the mind Kant believed himself to be creating a compromise between the empiricists the rationalists The empiricists believed that knowledge is acquired thru experience alone, but the rationalists maintained that such knowledge is open to Cartesian doubt and that reason alone provides us with knowledge Kant argues, however, that using reason without applying it to experience will only lead to illusions, while experience will be purely subjective without first being subsumed under pure reason Kant s thought was very influential in Germany during his lifetime, moving philosophy beyond the debate between the rationalists empiricists The philosophers Fichte, Schelling, Hegel and Schopenhauer saw themselves as correcting and expanding Kant s system, thus bringing about various forms of German Idealism Kant continues to be a major influence on philosophy to this day, influencing both Analytic and Continental philosophy.

550 Reply to “Critique of Practical Reason (Texts in the History of Philosophy)”

  1. Immanuel Kant is what I suppose one would call a practical philosopher in that he is not primarily concerned with the abstract thoughts of philosophy Rather his philosophy, as expressed in this book, is one about how practical philosophy, or practical reason, works He makes a distinction at the beginning of his book between the subjective and the objective, suggesting that practical reason is about making the subjective objective.This book begins with a section about defining practical reason a [...]

  2. Hume, by his criticism of the concept of causality, awakened him from his dogmatic slumber so at least he says, but the awakening was only temporary, and he soon invented a soporific that enabled him to sleep again Bertrand Russell, A History of Western PhilosophyWhen I first read that opening salvo of Russell s chapter on Kant, I thought it rather unfair towards the German monk But now, after digesting Kant s philosophy a little , I can t help but agree In fact, I than agree I think it sums up [...]

  3. Immanuel Kant , 1788 , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

  4. The first two critiques constitue a unit so far as their main argument goes The Critique of Pure Reason establishes that while humans can imagine things in themselves ideas , they can only know things as they are given to them concepts The gap between our conceptional understanding and our rational ideas is unbridgeable, requiring, even under the best of circumstances, an infinite induction which we, as finite beings, are incapable of Further, the First Critique establishes that while something [...]

  5. It is difficult to overestimate Kant s influence in philosophy Even those who reject his explicit theories often use his terms, whether by wondering how it could be possible for something to be synthetic not a matter of meaning and yet a priori knowable independent of experience , or by asking what is the source of an ethical imperative Kant has sometimes been credited for almost single handedly creating the German philosophical tradition, and it certainly is hard to imagine what Hegel s or Marx [...]

  6. The question that practical reason asks us is, what ought I to do In this book Kant offers his analysis of how pure reason, which relies on no empirical input whatsoever, can help us answer that question As a follow up to Critique of Pure Reason, this book is a grave disappointment Altogether abandoning the exacting critical standards he established in his earlier, better work, Kant argues on behalf of an ethical theory that I find intellectually flawed and personally repugnant It is a morality [...]

  7. In Kritik der Reinen Vernunft 1781 , Immanuel Kant ended with the conclusion that there exists 1 a phenomenal world that we perceive and constitute via our mental categories and the notions of space and time, and 2 a noumenal world of which we cannot know anything positively we can only try to use Pure Reason to discover slithers of a priori synthetical knowledge of this Kant discovered three things that exists in this noumenal world 1 us, as immortal souls, 2 God, as a necessary cause and Supre [...]

  8. I m torn by this book While I appreciate Kant s moral philosophy pivoting around duty i.e the worthiness of moral actions out of duty as opposed to out of socialization , the metaphysical proofs leave much to be desired Foremost of these proofs is that Kant sees freedom as necessary if duty is to be meaningful In other words, if we are not free to choose our duty, or if we are fatalistically bound to the choices we only appear to make, then morality for Kant is a hollow form So, out of necessity [...]

  9. i still can t reconcile myself with his philosophy of moral deontology the supposed universal maxim makes no sense to me i think morality depends on situations doing something consistently is not always the right thing to do his concepts are too far into the realm of abstraction, and although he calls it practical reason, there s nothing practical about it it refuses to enter into the realm of every day life.

  10. sekedar membaca, belum menangkap apa2masih butuh mengulang2 kembali membaca buku ini namun kebajikan dalam hal ini sangat bernilai hanya karena dia sangat mahal, bukan karena membawa keuntungan

  11. Un renard n avait jamais vu de lion Or le hasard le mit un jour en face de ce fauve Comme il le voyait pour la premi re fois, il eut une telle frayeur qu il faillit en mourir L ayant rencontr une deuxi me fois, il eut peur encore, mais pas autant que la premi re fois Mais la troisi me fois qu il le vit, il s enhardit jusqu s en approcher et causer avec lui.Cette fable d Esope montre que l accoutumance adoucit m me les choses effrayantes.Il est beaucoup plus ais de lire la critique de la raison p [...]

  12. Although it is quite slim, Kant s Second Critique packs quite a punch Picking up where the end of the First Critique left off, it ties up a number of loose ends in Kantian philosophy Perhaps most importantly, it clearly shows how desire relates to theory Although most of the first critique would seem to indicate that Kant s system was completely unfit to deal with human desire and aspiration, around the end of that book, one receives the impression that there is something profound going on Kant [...]

  13. A citi Critica lui Kant este datoria fiec rui student filosof Indiferent de nclina iile filosofice pe care le ar avea i chiar mpotriva acestora, prin libertatea de a i defini propria moralitate, ra iunea sa pur practic l constr nge la lectura Criticii Sentimentul care provine din con tiin a acestei constr ngeri nu este patologic, ca un sentiment care ar fi produs de un obiect al sim urilor, ci numai practic, adic posibil printr o determinare anterioar obiectiv a voin ei i prin cauzalitatea ra iu [...]

  14. You might want to read Kant s Critique of Pure Reason first, though it s not absolutely necessary.Kant is famous for the concept of a categorical imperative and, indeed, as he builds his critique of practical reason points out that all reason, including pure reason, is practical in that it points to a human s duty, or sense of obligation, to fulfill and do what is moral For Kant, duty is above all other human emotions, if you can label it an emotion Some of the best discussions in here are on fr [...]

  15. The same way that he did with critique of pure reason, he makes a jump to talking about religion that I don t feel like I totally understand I feel like I understand his personal motives for it, but I m not totally sure I agree with the jump Either way, I thought the sort of let s call it a reason hierarchy was interesting Although I had heard the idea of axiomatic law countless times in schools, understanding Kant s actual reasoning behind the argument was interesting.I read this book quickly I [...]

  16. While Critique of Pure Reason had a lot of brilliant insights that made me rethink the way I look at major philosophical questions, I was much less impressed with this critique There were some interesting ideas the categorical imperative stands out , but it felt mostly like an elaborate rationalization of Christianity, with a noticeably pre Darwin take on the conscience and moral law Add onto that Kant s characteristically obscure writing style and you re left with something less than a page tur [...]

  17. A bit of a disappointment Of course this is an important work, of course everybody should read it There are gems of moral philosophy in it, but the part where he tried two times to define freedom seems lacking Then later, when he tries to lie the foundations of his practical philosophy in God, Immortality and Freedom, I was really disappointed in how artificial this construction seemed to me He tries to save these core concepts but in my opinion and with what we know now, he fails Thats a shame. [...]

  18. El libro consta de una m xima que ha sido el mensaje por siglos, postulando misma ley detr s de un buen desarrollo cohesivo y coherente El libro no es tan extenso como Cr tica de la Raz n Pura, sin embargo, no pierde la capacidad sistematizada del autor para llevar un hilo perfecto conducido de principio a fin Esta es la segunda obra de las tres llamadas cr ticas El libro, en general, abarca sobre la filosof a moral y c mo es posible, entonces, postular la existencia de Dios Si le ste CRP debes [...]

  19. Mixed feelings about this book On the one hand, I think willingness to read and understand this book probably sorts the poseurs from the real thing On the other hand, the book feels like a total betrayal of the Critique of Pure Reason and a giant pile of hypotheticals Definitely a must read.

  20. Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and reverence, the frequently and persistently one s meditation deals with them the starry sky above me and the moral law within me Analytic 5 5, Dialectic 3 5

  21. A Cr tica da Raz o Pr tica cont m duas se es, a Doutrina dos Elementos, contendo a An lise da Raz o Pr tica Pura e a Dial tica da Raz o Pr tica Pura Em geral, o Anal tico cont m os argumentos para o imperativo categ rico como o nico princ pio moral verdadeiro e para a identidade de moralidade e liberdade, a Dial tica exp e o erro prim rio de todos os ticos anteriores e prop e os postulados da pura raz o pr tica ea Doutrina do M todo Prop e um novo m todo para a educa o moral Uma lei, diz Kant, d [...]

  22. Kant wants rules Firm, unbending and uncomplicated This desire is neatly summed up in Book I To be consistent is the greatest obligation of a philosopher, and yet consistency is most rarely encountered Bk I, pg 37 Kant is welcomingly accessible in Critique of Practical Reason in comparison to some of his earlier works It s almost straightforward If I get what he s saying, it s actually pretty simple One cannot derive what is good or bad from the outcome The world is not necessarily a reflection [...]

  23. wo things fill the mind with ever new and increasing admiration and awe, the oftener and the steadily we reflect on them the starry heavens above and the moral law within I have not to search for them and conjecture them as though they were veiled in darkness or were in the transcendent region beyond my horizon I see them before me and connect them directly with the consciousness of my existence The former begins from the place I occupy in the external world of sense, and enlarges my connection [...]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *